ancreas is an organ situated in the upper part of the abdomen behind the stomach. It produces digestive enzymes to help in digestion of food products and also produces insulin which is essential for sugar control. Pancreatic juices are secreted in the intestines through the main pancreatic duct. The main pancreatic duct joins the common bile duct to open into the duodenum.The common diseases associated with pancreas are:
1. Pancreatitis (acute and chronic) and 2. Pancreatic tumours (Benign and malignant).
Acute pancreatitis is inflammation and swelling of the pancreatic gland. Here the digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas to digest food products start damaging own organs. The common causes for acute pancreatitis are a) gall bladder stones and b)alcohol. Fortunately majority of these cases are mild pancreatitis and resolve with conservative treatment. Fifteen to twenty percent of these patients have severe acute pancreatitis which may sometimes be even life threatening.Surgery may be required for complications of acute pancreatitis like pseudocyst, bleeding or severe infection. Chronic pancreatits is associated with diabetes and malabsorption. These patients also require surgery in case of severe pain or due to any complication of pancreatitis.